U.S. President Barack Obama has released a statement on the 86th anniversary of the founding of the Republic of Turkey. "The people of the United States join the people of Turkey in celebrating the anniversary of the founding of the Republic of Turkey," Obama said in his statement.

"The friendship between our nation is strong, and our alliance is enduring. More than fifty years ago, the United States and Turkey began a partnership based on shared values and mutual respect ? a partnership and friendship that has deepened over the years as we have overcome many shared challenges," he said.

"Turkish-Americans help to forge the bonds that join our nations in friendship, and they continue to contribute to our society, in a wide range of field including arts, athletics, education, business, medicine and science," he added.

On October 29, 1923, the Turkish constitution was amended and Turkey became a republic. Republic Day is celebrated throughout Turkey every year.

Also On October 29, 1923, the Turkish Grand National Assembly officially made the declaration of Republic and unanimously voted Mustafa Kemal Ataturk as its first President. As President, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk quickly began to make sweeping political, economic, and social reforms. Dedicated to his duty, he kept in close contact with local authorities and received respected foreign officials.